Walt Disney joked that he prefers Mickey Mouse to all women in the world. Animator Ward Kimball, who invented the cricket Jimini from Pinocchio and the cat Lucifer from Cinderella, jokingly declared: “Disney did not believe women and cats.” After several losses at the Oscars, Disney stopped taking his wife Lilian to the ceremony because he was sure that she, like any woman, could jinx him. He forbade his daughters to watch their cartoons, fearing that they would not laugh out loud enough.
Walt Disney with his wife at the Oscars,
The specific attitude towards women was manifested not only at home, but also at the studio: Disney officially forbade the employment of female animators, because he was afraid that at the crucial moment they might become pregnant and quit, putting the entire project at risk. In addition, according to Disney, this specialty required a sense of humor and the ability to draw, and neither the first nor the second is characteristic of women. Before the war, the only place in the studio where women were received was the technical department, whose employees transferred the drawings to film. But with the entry of the United States into World War II and the beginning of mobilization, the number of employees fell sharply, and Disney had to hire Continue reading
Walt Disney considered himself a genius and a visionary. Studio staff considered him a tyrant. And, no matter how hard Disney tried to present his studio as a happy family, it was clear that the family had problems: on the one hand, he really wanted the staff to call him Walt at home, on the other, when it turned out that many of them can’t get used to the treatment by name, he simply began to threaten dismissal for the word “boss”. At first, all this seemed somewhat charming eccentricity, but while working on the first full-length film “Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs”, totalitarian manners developed into banal exploitation.
The idea of making a full-length cartoon in the mid-1930s seemed wild even to the studio’s directorate: everyone was sure that the audience could not stand the hour and a half of animation. Walt thought differently and forced everyone to get involved in an enterprise that took three years and a record $ 1.5 Continue reading
Due to money problems, Disney Studios moved from Hyperion Avenue to Buena Vista in Burbank, where it still remains today. In the early 1940s, the studio completed work on the full-length films Pinocchio, Fantasy, Dumbo, Bambi, Hello Friends!
Since 1941, Disney has been producing propaganda videos to raise patriotic spirit and mobilize the population: educational cartoons for soldiers (Camouflage, Stop the Tank), as well as commercials that make fun and demonize the Nazis (Death Training), encouraging you to save money and donate them to the war (“Donald’s Decision”, “The Saving Pig”, “The Spirit of 1943”) or volunteered to go to the front (“Donald goes to the army”).
Walt Disney demonstrates to Major General William Porter a gas mask project for children, 1942 Continue reading