Donald Duck. 1940-1990
Following the success of Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, Walt Disney began developing and planning several animated feature films to follow suit. However, during World War II, Walt Disney Studios came to a standstill with the ability to create batch films. Interest in the South American market was especially evident, primarily because of the inability to import cartoons in occupied Europe as a result of the war. Donald, raising his fame, appeared in four of the package films – three in South America. The first of these was Donald’s first appearance in the 1943 feature film Salute, Friends!, Which introduced Donald to a Brazilian parrot named Jose Carioca. In 1944, Donald and Jose were connected to a pompous rooster named Panchito Pistoles, thus forming the title trio in “Three Caballeros”. Donald’s other two appearances in the era of package films included “Fun Fantasy” in 1947 and “Time for Melodies” in 1948 (along with Jose Carioca and the Araquan Bird).
Because World War II continued, most of Donald’s shorts of that era were designed as propaganda films, including the series in which Donald was composed, describing in detail the difficulties and comedic failures during his time in the US Army, and Pete as his sergeant. The most notable of these wartime films is The Führer’s Face, released in 1943. In a nightmare, Donald as a prisoner is forced to serve Nazi Germany. The short film was the first and only Donald Duck cartoon to receive an Academy Award. Walt Disney also claimed that Donald serves as a mascot for the Air Force and the US Coast Guard, in which he was portrayed as a patriot. Donald was officially relieved of his post in 1984, receiving an honorary departure in honor of his 50th birthday. In celebration of his retirement, a ceremony and parade took place in Torrance, California.
After the war, Donald is shown in recurring cartoons, primarily with Chip and Dale, a pair of chipmunks who were first introduced to Donald in a short cartoon in 1947 (although they first appeared as Pluto antagonists).
At this time, Donald Duck became one of the most recognizable characters in the world, as well as one of the most popular, surpassing Mickey Mouse as the company’s largest animated star. Then Donald begins to appear in all forms of media and goods, as a Disney poster character and mainstream audience. Like Mickey and Goofy, the role of Donald became a little tamer, and most of his cartoons focused on everyday life. In them, he educates his nephews and fighting with Chip and Dale. The 1950s also marked Disney’s launch on television, in which Donald became the main product, regularly appearing on the Disneyland television series. While many theatrical short cartoons finished production during the 1953-1954 season, Donald Duck continued to appear in theatrical cartoons after this season.
In 1958, Donald co-hosted the 30th Academy Awards along with a number of popular movie characters at the time.
Finally, Donald Duck, in the short film, was 1961 in The Litterbug. Walt Disney passed away five years later. Donald continued to appear in a number of educational cartoons (including Donald in Matemagy, How to Have an Accident at Work, and Donald’s Survival Plan), as well as in commercials until retirement.
. After that, Tony Anselmo voices Donald, whom Nash taught this role several years before his death.
In 1984, Donald reached his 50th birthday, which was marked by several events – the 50th anniversary of Donald Duck on television; At the Oscars, there was a tribute to Donald, at which Clarence Nash attended in honor of Donald; in May, Donald’s tracks were marked in cement in front of Grauman’s Chinese Theater.
In 1987, the Duck Tales premiered on television, of which Donald was an occasional guest star, despite a series starring his three nephews and his uncle Scrooge McDuck. Donald’s limited role in the series was the result of two factors; firstly, Disney was very protected from its main characters and was afraid that showing it on daily television would lead to overexposure. In a later interview, some of the DuckTales team members said they wanted Donald to do more shows, but Disney didn’t want to let them do it, recalling the many meetings they asked if they could introduce Donald to the show again and how these requests were rarely accepted, and David Block jokingly referred to Donald as a “sacred cow”.
In 1988, Donald appeared at the 60th Academy Awards, where Mickey was nominated for the Best Short Cartoon Award.