Donald Duck. History 1930-1940
The solution appeared in the form of the animated series of Silly Symphonies from Walt. Donald first appeared in The Wise Chicken on June 9, 1934, although he is mentioned in the 1931 Disney Storybook. In the cartoon, Donald and his friend, Peter Pig, go to the titular little Chicken, to her corn. The appearance of Donald in the cartoon, created by animators Art Babbit and Dick Humer, looks like his modern look; the feather and the color of the beak are the same, as are the blue Major Jersey and the hat, but his features are more elongated, his body is crowded, and his legs are larger. His iconic voice is voiced by Clarence Nash. It is noteworthy that speech in which the voices of the characters are based on their respective animals is used for each character, and not as a trait that belongs exclusively to Donald. Donald’s personality is also not developed; in short, he simply plays the part of a worthless friend from the original story.
Bert Gillett, director of The Wise Chicken, directed Donald into Mickey Mouse’s cartoon, The Orphan’s Guide, August 11, 1934. Donald is one of several characters who act as Mickey’s orphans. Donald’s action is to read poetry, but every time he tries, mischievous orphans humiliate him, forcing him to enter into a violent fit of anger. This explosive personality remained with Donald for decades to come. Although the Orphans advantage was Donald’s second appearance, the cartoon was the first to significantly develop its character. Many of Donald’s personality traits, first seen in Orphan’s Handbooks, will be constantly associated with him, such as his love of skill, his brutal determination, militancy, and his easily provoked character. The cartoon also featured some of Donald’s antics, for example, his characteristic hysterical leap on one leg when he stretches one fist and waves it. It was the creation of animator Dick Lundy, who called it the “combat pose” of Donald.
Donald went on to be a hit with the audience. The character began to appear in most Mickey Mouse cartoons as a regular member of the team with Mickey, Minnie Mouse, Goofy and Pluto. Animator Ben Sharpstein also created the classic image of Mickey, Donald and Goofy comedy in 1935, from the “Service Station” of Mickey cartoon. Following the success of the Service Station, Mickey, Donald, and Goofy often grouped together in several short films, where the trio’s ridiculous flaws could cause chaos.
Donald was redesigned in
, became more complete, round and cute.
Donald in “Don Donald”
He also began acting in solo cartoons, the first of which was ”
. This short cartoon also marked the first appearance
(here it is called
), as well as Donald’s 313 car. Daisy continued to be Donald’s love interest and recurring co-star in her cartoons, reflecting the relationship between Mickey and Minnie.
Donald’s nephews, Billy, Willy and Dilly, made their first animated appearance a year later in the 1938 cartoon, Donald’s Nephews, directed by Jack King (previously featured in Donald Duck comics). Around this period, Donald surpassed Mickey in popularity, both in favor of viewers and even for animators who found it increasingly difficult to create new and entertaining cartoons for Mickey to play. According to Jack Hann, there were several cartoons designed specifically for Mickey, but when the blunders got too “rude,” the story was replaced with a Donald star.
Since 1985, Donald’s official voice has been Tony Anselmo. A Disney animator and a man who loved to imitate voices, Anselmo made friends with Nash in his early days with the company and received personal voice lessons. Due to his diagnosis of leukemia, which Anselmo was not aware of, Nash taught Anselmo the secret intention of forcing him to replace him as Donald’s voice. Anselmo took on the role after the death of Nash.
In some cartoons and television series Donald voiced by Daniel Ross.
Donald’s unique and illegible voice was the focus of the short film, where hatred of his voice tells him to buy pills that can temporarily strengthen his vocal cords incredibly. Leslie Denison provided the complex, stubborn voice these pills would give him. A similar incident occurred in “Shadow War!” In which Donald’s artificially intelligible voice was provided by Don Cheaddle.