History of the Walt Disney Company
The story of the Walt Disney Company began back in 1901 on December 5, when the fourth of five children, Walter Elias, was born into the family of a carpenter and teacher.
When Walt was 4 years old, the Disney family moved to the small town of Marceline, Missouri. Disney bought a farm there. The family did not have money for pencils and paper, and Walt wanted to draw. He found tar, a stick and painted a house …
In Marceline, many knew Walt. He was distinguished by a cheerful disposition, so his neighbors and just acquaintances loved him very much. One of the neighbors, an elderly veteran, Dr. Sherwood, paid Walt 25 cents for the boy to draw his horse on a piece of paper. Disney later believed that it was the successful portrait of Dr. Sherwood’s mare that prompted him to become an artist.
Walt since childhood showed interest in drawing, and began his first comics at the age of seven. Young Walt participated in the creation of the school newspaper as an artist and photographer, and in the evenings he attended the Academy of Fine Arts. Then he took a course of newspaper cartoonists, where he was taught non-standard thinking, funny violations of familiar logic and laconic manner.
Soon, they decided to move to Kansas City, like many poor families who migrated endlessly throughout America in search of work. This move played a significant role in Walt’s life. Kansas City had a gigantic wealthy mansion hiding behind a high fence and surrounded by a lush garden. The mansion belonged to a private owner and was the subject of desire of local children. They all so wanted to crawl through some secret hole, play in the garden, or maybe get into the mansion itself, run through its luxurious suites, look at old portraits.
Walt tried many times to enter the territory of the possession, and all his attempts ended in failure. Then he vowed that when he grew up, he would definitely build a huge house with entertainment for children, with a huge garden for games. So, apparently, a dream arose, after as many as forty years embodied in Disneyland.
Establishment of the Walt Disney Company
Having become seriously interested in animation, Walt Disney decides to leave his native Kansas, and in August 1923, having nothing but a few drawings, one ready-made animation-game film and $ 40 in his pocket, goes to Hollywood.
“I moved from one studio to another, where I visited all the offices in a row, from the personnel department to the set. The only work I managed to get was the role of an extras. I had to ride a horse several meters – in a crowd of other extras. However, it was raining heavily, the shooting was postponed to another day, and then our scene was simply thrown out of the script. It was the end of my acting career, ”Disney writes in his memoirs.
Desperate to get a job in Hollywood, Walt settles in the garage of his uncle Robert, promising someday to pay for its use. For $ 500 borrowed from his brother, he buys paints, brushes, spotlights, everything necessary for the production of cartoons. Roy becomes Walt’s companion and they create Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio.
Soon Roy faces a gigantic problem: how and with what to feed his brother who has plunged headlong into the work? Usually Roy left the garage, and went to a small room, where the two of them huddled together to prepare a modest dinner for two. But suddenly Walt, not paying attention to any everyday difficulties, sets up a terrible scandal, during which he screams at the bewildered Roy that he will not, there is that miserable balance that his brother feeds. And then Roy decides on a “desperate step”: he makes an offer to his beloved girlfriend, Edna Francis, who, having become the wife of the hapless cook Roy, moves to her brothers and becomes their cook for many months.
And Walt himself was already thinking about getting married. A wonderful girl, Lillian Bounds, got a job in the studio. She was mainly involved in the filling of paints – that is, she painted the characters created by Walt. Walt did not have to take special care of Lillian – she immediately fell in love with her “boss”, and when he was aground, she easily refused honestly earned $ 15 a week – for the benefit of the studio.
Walt got the idea of the first cartoon, becoming interested in Max Fleischer’s animated films, in which the animated hero seems to fall into the real world. Disney did the opposite – he introduced the REAL hero into the animated world, which, in fact, is much more complicated. So “Alice in Wonderland” was born.
Having received little money for this cartoon, Walt and Roy decided to change the name of the studio. On October 16, 1923, Walt Disney signed a contract with Margaret Winkler, a distributor from New York. This date is considered the foundation day of the current Walt Disney Company.