MICKEY AND HIS FRIENDS
When at the end of 1929 the young
Walt Disney (1901–1966) was offered to create a comic book based on his short animated films about a mouse, the artist was no longer
newbie. As a teenager, he began publishing humorous magazines
drawings. In 1917 during the First
World War II young man served in France: drove a Red Cross ambulance. In 1918, Walt Disney
returned to the USA, entered Chicago
McKinley high school and in parallel attended evening classes at an art school. Changing several places
works, he formed an animation studio
Laugh-O-Gram Corporation and shot the dumb
films about Alice from Wonderland and
her adventures in the company of others
cartoon characters. In August 1923, along with his brother
Roy (1893–1971) Walt opens Disney Brothers Cartoon Studios in Hollywood
Studio subsequently evolved
at The Walt Disney Company!
MICKEY MAUS – HEIR
RABBIT OF OSWALD
Having completed the series of stories about Alice, the Disney brothers (Walt was the artistic director of the studio, and Roy
engaged in finance and management)
created in 1927 a cartoon about
Oswald Rabbit. Hero came by
the taste of the public, but soon the studio lost not his rights. Then Walt Disney
came up with a new character whom
called Mortimer. Later this funny
the mouse became famous under the name Mickey Mouse. Surrounding himself with many helpers, the artist launched new projects and created new heroes.
While working on short films and full-length cartoons, he
while creating comics featuring
characters and these hand-drawn stories
became popular all over the world. Soon, the “Disney machine” earned its full potential and became a real mastodon in the book world and cinema.
AT THE SHADOW OF WALT DISNEY
Over the course of a long Disney career
signed creations only in his own name, but, of course, he was far from
the only artist and screenwriter to work on creating The Adventures of Mickey Mouse. In 1929
a large publishing association offers the young author to print the adventures of his mouse in the form of a comic strip.
January 13, 1930 in the United States released a pilot release of “The Adventures of Mickey Mouse.” Walt Disney worked out the image of the hero and identified its main features, but
soon hired a large staff of assistants
and after the release of the first comics, he limited himself only to writing a script.
Thus (although this fact is unknown to the general public), almost all the comics about Mickey Mouse (both sketches and
final versions) were not drawn by Walt Disney himself. January 30 to
February 8, 1930 Ab Iverks was engaged in drawing characters and plots
(1901-1971). Then he was replaced by Vin Smith
(1887–1944), who previously worked on
storyboard but later took over
all the work of rendering comics – from
pencil sketch to the final
version. However, a real breakthrough in the creation of “The Adventures of Mickey Mouse” occurred after the appearance of Floyd Gottfredson, who quickly became
an indispensable member of the team.
HISTORY ABOUT MICKEY
Starting May 5, 1930, Floyd Gottfredson (1905–1986) with Walt
Disney worked on the story of Mickey Mouse in the Death Valley. He is the one who
until 1975, he was the main co-author of “The Adventures of Mickey” and drew all the plots in the aforementioned
project. Working in the studio on December 18, 1929, Gottfredson began
as an assistant animator, but ultimately devoted himself to Mickey Mouse.
Soon a talented artist created
many secondary characters
for example Phantom Blot and the chief of police of Duckburg, and also came up with the final images of Lame Pete and Goofy.
It should be noted that Gottfredson was assisted in the work by his colleagues Vin Smith,
Jack King and Roy Nelson, and later –
Hardy Grammatki. Floyd illustrated
stories invented by screenwriters Bill Wash, Webb Smith, Merrill De
Maris, Red Osborne, Bob Carp, Dick Show
Not wanting to shelve
none of the creations, the head of the studio made a wise decision – to surround himself
assistants, one of whom became
the magnificent Karl Barks (1901–2000),
chief illustrator of stories about Donald Duck. For many years, the number of assistants only grew, however, later as the Belgian artist Erzhe, the author
The Adventures of Tintin, Disney did not allow his assistants to sign the comics he published. Only in the late 1960s, after
Walt’s death, comic book lovers learned the names of the “literary blacks” of the studio.
Some of them gave very detailed and candid interviews.
MICKEY MAUS IS LANDING
In 1927, Mickey Mouse first appeared in the movie “Crazy Aircraft”, and on January 13, 1930 he made his debut in comics. Hardly had time in their homeland
go out of print books as a hero already
greeted with open arms
in the Old World. Since 1930
funny mouse constantly appeared on the pages of the newspaper Petit Parisien
and entertained the little Parisians. Young
the French learned about the adventures of Mickey
and his friends thanks to entrepreneur Paul Winkler (1898–1982). Coming from Budapest, Winkler moved to